Decentralized compute is the backbone of the Metaverse

Decentralized compute is the backbone of the Metaverse

Advancements in technology are essential for enhancing various aspects of the digital world and elevating our extended reality encounters. The Metaverse stands as a hub of swift technological progress. Ten years ago, our digital communication options were limited to cellphone calls and text messages; now, we're exploring new possibilities with the metaverse.

When you inquire about the metaverse, you might often hear people say, "It's the project that Facebook... I mean... Meta is working on." After Facebook rebranded as Meta in October 2021, many casual observers now see Meta as the primary force behind the metaverse, which is envisioned as the next iteration of the internet, allowing users to engage in real-time 3D virtual worlds.

Major technologies have adopted the fundamental concept of the metaverse, presenting a more sophisticated 3D environment that offers individuals a deeply immersive digital experience. The metaverse is shaping a new era of the internet, prompting the public to prepare for the upcoming evolution of online experiences. Meta has invested $10 billion this year alone in developing its metaverse. However, it's worth noting that Meta's vision for the metaverse differs from what many other players in this space have worked on for years. This clash of perspectives highlights the divergence between the interests of major corporations and the individuals who use their products and services.

A Look Back: The Emergence of the Metaverse

The concept of the Metaverse has been around for some time, starting with virtual worlds such as Second Life and immersive gaming experiences. However, it wasn't until recently that tech giants like Facebook (now Meta), Google, and Microsoft began investing heavily in their own versions of the Metaverse. In addition, decentralized projects utilizing blockchain technology have appeared, allowing users to create a Metaverse that belongs to everyone rather than a single entity.

Bump in the Metaverse Computing

Have you ever been in the middle of a thrilling online game session only to have the server crash and leave you hanging? It's a frustrating experience that can damage your gaming fun. Unfortunately, this scenario is becoming all too common, especially for popular online games that rely on cloud computing infrastructure.

Cloud computing has revolutionized the way we access and play games online. However, the current centralized infrastructure needs help to keep up with the increasing demands of our tech-savvy society. As a result, companies are experiencing unexpected downtime, leaving millions of users disappointed and disconnected from their favorite games.

In 2023, a multinational conglomerate corporation, Siemens experienced a data leak in its Metaverse. The leak exposed sensitive data of the company's customers, including personal details, emails, and documents. This incident marked a significant event in the Metaverse's history, highlighting the potential security risks of this emerging technology.

One notable example is the Roblox Outage of 2021, which left millions of teen gamers stranded when its cloud infrastructure failed. According to Roblox CEO David Baszucki, the outage was caused by a combination of factors, including a bug in their backend service communications and an overwhelmed core system. The outcome was a loss of over $1.5 billion in market cap and an estimated $15 million in revenue. Ouch!

But what does this mean for the future of online gaming? With the rise of the metaverse - a digital world where users can interact in virtual spaces - reliability becomes even more critical. With a robust and dependable cloud infrastructure, video game companies can deliver the seamless, immersive experiences players crave.

So, what's the solution? It's time to rethink our approach to cloud computing and explore alternative models prioritizing reliability and scalability. Investing in cutting-edge technologies like edge computing and decentralized architecture can create a more resilient and efficient infrastructure that keeps the fun alive, no matter how many users log in.

Challenges Faced by the Metaverse

Despite the initial enthusiasm, the widespread adoption of the Metaverse faced some significant challenges:

1. Technological Barriers in Metaverse Adoption

Despite initial excitement, the widespread adoption of the Metaverse has encountered significant challenges, primarily rooted in technological limitations. High-quality Virtual Reality (VR) and Augmented Reality (AR) still demand expensive and cumbersome equipment. Issues like latency, bandwidth constraints, and computing power pose hurdles to achieving a truly immersive experience.

2. Usability Challenges in Metaverse Creation and Navigation

The tools required to create and navigate the Metaverse often lack user-friendly interfaces. A steep learning curve discourages potential users and content creators from fully embracing the Metaverse, hindering its broader acceptance.

3. Monetization Dilemmas within the Metaverse

While some have found ways to monetize activities within virtual spaces, the overarching economic model for the Metaverse remains elusive. Finding sustainable and scalable revenue generation methods poses a substantial challenge in this evolving digital landscape.

4. Societal Concerns Surrounding the Metaverse

As the Metaverse gains traction, concerns related to privacy, data security, and the potential for monopolistic control have emerged. Questions about how existing regulations will apply and adapt to this new frontier raise eyebrows, highlighting the need for thoughtful governance and oversight.

Decentralizing the Metaverse: The Role of High-Bandwidth, Low-Latency Compute, and Blockchain Technology

Decentralized compute forms the foundation of the metaverse due to the need for high-bandwidth, low-latency capabilities that require compute to be closer to the end user. As the metaverse grows, the distributed nature of IT accelerates, leading to innovation in hardware and software architectures. Centralized data centers may struggle to meet these requirements, especially as the number of users grows. Decentralized computing addresses this challenge by distributing computing resources across multiple locations, ensuring processing power is available when and where needed.

This shift towards decentralization is driven by the insatiable demand for computing power and the rise of technologies like containers, microservices, and cloud-native software.

To create an immersive metaverse experience, computing and data must be highly distributed. This distribution requires processing capacity in data centers, at the edge, and more powerful PCs equipped with accelerators, more memory, and higher core counts. It also necessitates the development of standards and open interfaces, which are fulfilled by a community-driven decentralized protocol.

Blockchain technology also plays a crucial role in the decentralized metaverse. Its ability to store data securely and verifiably in a timestamped, immutable ledger within a decentralized database eliminates the need for a trusted central authority. Decentralized Finance (DeFi) wallets like MetaMask and Trust Wallet are open to anyone, increasing privacy and anonymity. This technology addresses the privacy and data protection issues a centralized metaverse would face.

Decentralized Metaverse Applications

There are several notable applications of the Decentralized Metaverse:

  1. Otherside: Created by Yuga Labs, Otherside is a metaverse project described as a meta RPG (role-playing game) where players own the world. Your NFTs can become playable characters; thousands can play together in real-time.

  2. Omniverse: Developed by Nvidia, Omniverse is a cutting-edge platform that enables 3D design professionals to create and collaborate in a seamless, interconnected virtual environment. Leveraging the innovative Universal Scene Description (USD) language developed by Pixar, Omniverse allows 3D objects and environments to be easily transported across various software tools, fostering greater efficiency and creativity in the design process.

  3. Roblox: The gaming platform offers a unique opportunity for individuals to design and profit from their virtual game environments, which are part of a larger, connected online universe. Well-known brands such as Nike, Forever 21, Gucci, Nascar, Ralph Lauren, and Vans have taken advantage of this platform to create immersive virtual spaces where customers can engage with their products innovatively.

  4. Spheron Network: Spheron Compute, the decentralized infra provider, strives to decentralize cloud computing by inviting audited data centers to participate in the Spheron marketplace. The infrastructure's decentralized and regulated nature, managed by Spheron, guarantees unrestricted access and enhanced user security. Spheron Compute presents a robust and cost-effective alternative to centralized cloud services, priced at just one-third of the traditional cost.

  5. Second Life: Created by Linden Labs in 2003, Second Life is one of the oldest and most popular online metaverse environments. It allows users to engage in an alternative life as an alter-ego rather than to take their existing real-world life online.

  6. Horizon: When Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg renamed his company Meta, several projects were initiated, including Horizon Worlds (a virtual worlds platform), Horizon Venues (an events platform), and Horizon Workrooms (a virtual office). These platforms are interconnected and allow users to create avatars representing them as they explore and interact with other users.

  7. Fortnite: Known primarily as one of the most successful online games ever created, Fortnite has begun to transform into a proper metaverse with features like live music concerts from global superstars and brands using the creative mode to take their first steps.


In conclusion, the metaverse represents a significant leap in technological advancements, promising to revolutionize our digital interactions and experiences. Decentralized computing, edge computing, and blockchain technology are key to realizing the importance of the metaverse. These technologies offer solutions to the challenges posed by the metaverse, such as the need for high bandwidth, low-latency capabilities, and secure data storage. They also facilitate the creation of a more resilient and efficient infrastructure that can support the increasing demands of the metaverse.